A competency is an attribute, knowledge, skill, ability or other characteristic that contributes to successful job performance. Behavioral competencies are observable and measurable behaviors, knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics that contribute to individual success in the organization (e.g., teamwork and cooperation, communication). Behavioral competencies can apply to all (or most) jobs in an organization or be specific to a job family, position, or career level. Behavioral competencies describe what is required to be successful in an organization outside of a specific job. As such, behavioral competencies are specific to a person rather than to a job.
The behavioral competency is designed to be used by multiple Human Resource functions including performance management, workforce planning, succession planning, training and development, and recruitment. The competencies and their “behavioral indicators” define what each employee needs to do to be successful and to contribute to the organization vision, mission, goals, objectives and strategies.
The word behavioral competency is widely used in business and personnel psychology and refers to the behaviors that are necessary to achieve the objective of an Organization. Behavioral competency is also something you can measure and lists of competencies form a common language for describing how people perform in different situations. Every job or positions can be described in terms of hey behavioral competencies. This means that they can be used for all terms of Assessment, Including performance appraisals, training needs analysis and of course selection.
Types of Behavioral Competencies can be classified as follows.
– your personal attributes: Flexibility, decisiveness, tenacity, independence, risk taking, personal integrity
– Taking charge of other people: Leadership, Empowerment, strategic planning, corporate sensitivity, project management and management control.
– The elements of the decision making, innovation, analytical skills, numerical problem solving, practical learning, detail consciousness.
– Dealing with other people, communication, impact persuasiveness, personnel awareness, teamwork and openness.
– The things that drive you. Resilience, energy, motivation, achievement orientation, initiative, Quality Focus.
Measuring Behavioral Competencies are challenge for the Human Resources Professionals. Therefore several Modern Management techniques are using to measure the Behavioral Competencies. Behavioral Interviews, 360 Degree Appraisals are the common and popular ways which using to measure the behavioral Competencies.